domestic wind turbines
Domestic wind turbines
In most circumstances, you will require planning permission to install domestic wind turbines. However, under permitted development, it is possible in some cases to install one without the need for a planning application – this applies to mounted wind turbines and standalone wind turbines.
With the rules surrounding wind turbines not entirely clear, it makes sense to establish what rules are applicable to you. What is applicable to you will depend on whether your project will abide by permitted development limitations, and whether your building is located in a designated area or is listed.
Permitted development limitations for domestic wind turbines
If your property is not located in a designated area or listed, and so long as your property is detached, you are free to install a wind turbine under permitted development rules. Wind turbines always require planning permission on houses that are attached, and properties such as blocks of flats.
There are generally two types of wind turbine: building mounted and standalone.
Mounted wind turbines, permitted development limitations are as follows
- Permitted development rights apply to detached properties only.
- Development is only permitted if the installation will comply with Microgeneration Certification Planning Standards.
- The site for the wind turbine must not be on designated land.
- Installations in designated areas will require Local Planning Authority consultation.
- Only one wind turbine can be installed under permitted development.
- The one wind turbine must not protrude more than three metres above the highest part of the roof. This excludes the chimney.
- The one wind turbine may not exceed 15 metres in height.
- The distance between ground level and the wind turbine blades must be no lower than five metres. The rotational area of the turbine must not exceed 3.8 square metres.
- The wind turbine must make use of non-reflective materials.
- The wind turbine must be removed when it is no longer needed for microgeneration.
- The wind turbine should be cited respectfully, and not negatively impact the image of a home.
Standalone wind turbines, permitted development limitations are as follows
- Development of a standalone wind turbine must comply with Microgeneration Certification Planning Standards.
- The installation must be on safeguarded land. A survey may be required to assess adequate support.
- Only one wind turbine may be installed under permitted development.
- The wind turbine must not exceed 11.1 metres in height.
- The distance between ground level and the wind turbine blades must be no lower than 5 metres. The rotational area of the turbine must not exceed 3.8 square metres.
- Development is not permitted is conservation areas without Local Planning Authority consultation.
- Standalone wind turbines must make use of non-reflective materials.
- Standalone wind turbines should be cited respectfully, with regard for neighbours and property image.
- The wind turbine must be removed when microgeneration is no longer needed.
Listed building wind turbines
In every circumstance, you will require listed building consent from you Local Planning Authority to install a wind turbine on to your listed property or within its grounds. It is a criminal offence to install a wind turbine on to a listed building, or within its grounds, without listed building consent. We strongly recommend you contact your Local Planning Authority for advice.
For more information on wind turbines, please visit The Planning Portal.
The information contained within this article is strictly for guidance only. Cost2Build recommends that you always check current sources of information in case regulations have changed. Cost2Build cannot accept any liability for miscommunication of the law in the case of a change in regulation or any action done to a property based on the information held in this article.