Building demolition is dealt with under the Building Act of 1984. In general, a 6 week notice is required by a Local Planning Authority before demolition begins, so that the process may be reviewed. It is from here that a Local Planning Authority may issue a re-notice that sets out the new criteria that needs to be met, taking into account health and safety and any disruption to traffic flow.
In most situations, you do not need planning permission to demolish a property, so long as that property is not listed or in a conservation area. However, if you do demolish a building, this does not automatically mean that you will be granted planning permission to build any replacement structure or change the use of the site, and the same rules apply for listed buildings and buildings within a conservation area.
Listed buildings are not governed by planning permission, instead, they are governed by listed building consent. In almost all circumstances, you will need to seek listed building consent to demolish a listed building. Listed buildings have been designated as being of architectural or historic importance, and we highly recommend that you consult with your Local Planning Authority to discuss your needs. It is a criminal offence to demolish a listed building without listed building consent.
Buildings in conservation areas
If your building is not listed but it is in a conservation area, then your property is governed by planning permission and you may need to seek planning permission for relevant demolition in a conservation area. We recommend that you discuss this demolition with your Local Planning Authority. If you do demolish a building that’s in a conservation area without prior consent, the council may take legal action against you.
Replacement structures and site change of use
As noted above, demolishing a building does not automatically mean that you will be granted planning permission to build on the site again or change its use. For this reason, it’s common practice in the demolition process to apply for a ‘prior approval application’ from your council, which covers how a demolition will be carried out and your proposals to restore the site afterwards.
For more information on building demolition, please visit The Planning Portal.
The information contained within this article is strictly for guidance only. Cost2Build recommends that you always check current sources of information in case regulations have changed. Cost2Build cannot accept any liability for miscommunication of the law in the case of a change in regulation or any action done to a property based on the information held in this article.